Our bodies are, in fact, organic machines. We dwell inside them and operate them in society. Sometimes, we forget that our machines need proper fueling and maintenance. When that happens, our bodies, like regular machines, begin to break down. Because they are organic in some cases we can simply correct our bad maintenance habits and revive them with exercise and good nutrition. But decades of neglect are another story.
In your 20s, maybe you sometimes chose fast-food burgers and fries over healthier foods. Perhaps in the decades that followed you pursued a series of fad diets, questionable lifestyle choices, and too many days when you skipped your workout in favor of the couch.
You’re now repenting for the sins of the past, but the question is, can you undo the damage? Can you unclog clogged arteries (otherwise known as atherosclerosis) and reduce your risk of heart disease in the process?
The answer is a little complicated, says Dr. JoAnn E. Manson, professor of medicine and the Michael and Lee Bell Professor of Women’s Health at Harvard Medical School. “Some studies suggest that regression of atherosclerosis is possible,” she says. These include studies that looked at the effects of diet as well as intensive lifestyle modifications and use of medications.
While this may give you a glimmer of hope that you can reverse some of the harm you did to your arteries in your younger years, there is a caveat. The same studies also show that making the types of changes required to reverse the clogging in your arteries is more challenging than many people can achieve, says Dr. Manson. So, while improvement is theoretically possible, realistically it may not be the best place to focus your efforts.
Prevention, not reversal
The goal should be to halt the development or progression of atherosclerosis, says Dr. Manson, and also to prevent its consequences, heart attack or stroke. “There is compelling evidence that lifestyle modifications, and medications, as needed, can reduce your risk factors,” she says. (my emphasis)
With the right interventions, you can reduce your risk of developing heart disease by as much as 80%. “It’s a highly preventable disease,” says Manson.
So how can you do this? Through tried-and-true strategies, which you’ve no doubt heard about many times before.
Watch what you eat. A healthful diet is one of the best ways to ward off cardiovascular disease. The Mediterranean diet, high in vegetables, healthy fats, nuts, and fish, has been linked to a reduction in cardiovascular disease, but it’s not the only one. “The DASH [Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension] diet and several other dietary approaches also are effective,” says Dr. Manson. Talk to your doctor about options that might be right for you.
Lower your cholesterol. Keeping your cholesterol in check starts by knowing your numbers. If your cholesterol is high, it’s worth considering taking action, whether that includes making dietary changes or taking a statin or other medication. “Although statins have been linked to an increased risk of diabetes, there’s strong evidence that they’re effective in reducing heart attack and stroke risk in women and men,” says Dr. Manson. Your doctor can help you weigh the risks versus benefits of statins for managing your condition. “You shouldn’t shy away from use of statins if your doctor recommends them,” she adds.
Control your blood pressure. The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association recently revamped their joint guidelines regarding blood pressure, essentially lowering the definition for high blood pressure to 130/80 from 140/90 (see “The new blood pressure guidelines at a glance”). So, what does that mean for you? If your blood pressure is under 140/90 but meets the new definition for high blood pressure, it doesn’t necessarily mean you need to go on medication. What it does mean is that you should be even more vigilant about being physically active and making lifestyle modifications, says Dr. Manson. “It’s a warning sign that you need to pay attention to,” she says. “There’s a relationship between even moderate increases in blood pressure and increased risk of heart disease and stroke.”
Consider aspirin therapy. It’s also a good idea to ask your doctor if you are a candidate for low-dose aspirin therapy. In addition to its benefits after a heart attack or stroke, low-dose aspirin may help prevent cardiovascular disease in adults ages 50 to 69 who have a 10% or greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the next 10 years (provided there are no specific reasons not to take it). A free iPhone app called Aspirin Guide, designed by Dr. Manson and her colleagues at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital, can help determine whether you might benefit from talking with your doctor about starting a low-dose aspirin regimen. You can find it at Apple’s App store, Google Play, or the website http://www.aspiringuide.com.
Control your weight and be physically active. Other ways to reduce your cardiovascular risks are to maintain a healthy weight and be physically active. Those two steps will also lower your risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease, so prevention should be a top priority.
Quit smoking. You’ve heard it before, but it bears repeating. If you smoke, take steps to quit now.
Personally, I am astonished that anyone who is able to read will still consider smoking. Yet they do. Please check out my Page – How many ways does smoking harm you? Because smoking damages much more than just your lungs.
The bottom line: Even if you’ve been less than virtuous when it comes to your health habits in the past, now is the time to start working toward a better future. “It’s never too late to make lifestyle modifications. It’s never too late to quit smoking or to become physically active,” says Dr. Manson. You might not be able to become a marathon runner, but with lifestyle changes you can make a decent sprint toward better cardiovascular health.
4 responses to “Can you make up for years of poor eating? – Harvard”
Prevention is certainly the best approach. I do question the philosophy of using pharmaceuticals (even OTC) as a “preventative”…. as if the consumer may have a pharmaceutical deficiency resulting in disease. 125,000 properly prescribed drugs, properly taken as recommended result in DEATH each year. There are safer alternatives to reducing heart and vascular disease that SUPPORT function. These natural options offer equivalent results to aspirin without the unnecessary risks of internal bleeding and stroke, yet remain unshared with the consumer. This concerns me as a physician.
Thanks for your input, Doctor Jonathan.
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I appreciate the fact you allow your site to be a forum for discussion. The sharing of ideas and different approaches to healthy living provide opportunities for each person to apply different concepts to their own lives. Healthy living exists on MANY different roads. Each person must discover for themselves which path offers a method that suits their needs and wants.
Informative, as always.
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