The FDA has also established an acceptable daily intake (ADI) for each artificial sweetener. This is the maximum amount considered safe to consume each day over the course of your lifetime. ADIs are intended to be about 100 times less than the smallest amount that might cause health concerns.
Sugar substitutes are loosely considered any sweetener that you use instead of regular table sugar (sucrose). Artificial sweeteners are just one type of sugar substitute. The chart lists some popular sugar substitutes and how they’re commonly categorized.
|Artificial sweeteners||Sugar alcohols||Novel sweeteners||Natural sweeteners|
|Acesulfame potassium (Sunett, Sweet One)||Erythritol||Stevia extracts (Pure Via, Truvia)||Agave nectar|
|Aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet)||Hydrogenated starch hydrolysate||Tagatose (Naturlose)||Date sugar|
|Neotame||Isomalt||Trehalose||Fruit juice concentrate|
|Saccharin (SugarTwin, Sweet’N Low)||Lactitol||Honey|
The topic of sugar substitutes can be confusing. One problem is that the terminology is often open to interpretation. For instance, some manufacturers call their sweeteners “natural” even though they’re processed or refined, as is the case with stevia preparations. And some artificial sweeteners are derived from naturally occurring substances — sucralose comes from sugar, for example.
Regardless of how they’re…
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